5 virtualization trends: what to expect in 2018

According to MarketsandMarket research , the virtualization market will grow over the next 5 years. As the main "drivers" of the market, experts note the demand for specialized software and infrastructure for working with large volumes of data.

In 2016, this market was estimated at 1.28 billion dollars. By 2022, its value is expected to reach 4.12 billion. At the same time, the average annual growth rate (CAGR) during the forecast period will be 21.1%. In this article we will tell you more about which areas will become the main ones for the development of the virtualization market in 2018.

/ photo Christian Schnettelker CC

1. Serverless technology will evolve

Serverless technologies allow developers to disengage from infrastructure management and focus on application development and deployment. This is possible thanks to automation: the provider company takes control of the virtual infrastructure that is needed to run and scale applications. At the same time, you need to pay only for the time and resources that are used here and now.

According to MarketsandMarket, in 2016, the Function-as-a-Service (FaaS) market was valued at $ 1.88 billion. At ServerlessConf 2017, Jason McGee, vice president and technology director of IBM Cloud, said that the value of the FaaS market will increase by 7–10 times by 2021. MarketsandMarket says it's a rather optimistic outlook and gives an estimate of $ 7.72 billion.

As noted in G2 Crowd, serverless computing technology began to gain popularity in the last 2 years. The peak of organizations' interest in FaaS came at the end of 2017, so we can assume that in 2018 many companies will switch to serverless technologies.

G2 Crowd reports that FaaS technologies will be useful for serving IoT solutions. In this area, flexibility and speed of deployment are the most significant factors for the success of a project.

From the point of view of information security, FaaS will help reduce the risks of organizations due to a more integrated approach to ensuring security on the part of the provider. This is evidenced by a number of information security experts, for example Guy Podjarny, CEO of Snyk ( video of his speech on the topic).

Of course, there is no need to talk about the massive use of technology in 2018, however, the mentioned analytical data show that this market will develop steadily over the next 4–5 years.

2. The popularity of NoSQL will grow

According to IDC, the total value of Big Data analytics market will exceed $ 203 billion by 2020 (for comparison: in 2016, the market was estimated at 130 billion). The development of this trend can be explained by the need for companies to store and process large amounts of data.

However, working with Big Data implies something more than analyzing huge volumes of information. It also includes data processing, which is regularly updated and comes from various sources. To solve these problems, NoSQL databases are increasingly being used.

NoSQL is relatively new technology, because for some time it experienced certain difficulties with implementation and was faced with technical errors. For example, in 2015, 40 thousand NoSQL MongoDB databases were not protected from attacks - hackers only had to scan TCP ports 27017 to find “vulnerable” databases.

Since then, technology has become more secure - as noted Forrester in their 2016 report, in which they analyzed 15 major NoSQL vendors. NoSQL solutions also come with management tools that simplify database deployment and improve scaling. Today, NoSQL databases are even used by Fortune 500 companies: UPS, GE Capital, AXA - and they use NoSQL to work with business-critical applications.

Russian companies also pay attention to technology. For example, back in 2016, Mail.Ru started working with big data to create predictive models, conduct market research and consulting in the field of infrastructure development. For this, we used open solutions - Apache Hadoop and Spark - and the company's own developments, in particular NoSQL databases Tarantool .

TechRepublic notes that NoSQL will adapt an increasing number of companies. Flexible scaling due to virtualization and the ability to store and process more data “for less money” (compared to RDBMS) are the main advantages of NoSQL. Thanks to these features and high performance (thanks to MPP ), the global NoSQL market will reach $ 3.4 billion in 2024. The average annual growth will be 21%.

3. The popularity of object storage will grow.

Adrian Herrera, vice president of marketing for Caringo, notes that in 2018 there will be more government initiatives to protect personal data (such as GDPR ), as well as technologies for secure data storage.

Moreover, as noted in IDC, the amount of information will increase at a rapid pace: by 2020, the amount of data generated by humanity will reach 44 zettabytes.

Therefore, object storages are becoming increasingly popular on the market. Files in such a repository are accompanied by metadata that allows them to be processed as applied objects: documents, projects, photographs, etc. Such repositories have an unlimited storage capacity, are able to provide high availability of information (due to universal processing of arbitrary data type) and high reliability of storage.

Due to the advantages of obj-storage, many cloud vendors have integrated them into their solutions: backup systems (Acronis Backup, Veeam Backup and Replication , NetApp AltaVault), ERP-systems (SAP, 1С) and CMS-systems (1С-Bitrix, Wordpress) and other

Object storage is already used by companies such as Netflix, Sony, BMW, CERN, etc. And the market for cloud object storage systems, according to Market Research forecasts , will reach $ 6 billion by 2023 with a CAGR of 14%.

/ photo Andy Melton CC

4. Multi-cloud integrates workloads

According to a forecast from IDC, in 2018, 85% of companies will switch to multi-cloud architecture. The main reason for this, Seth Robinson, an analyst with CompTIA, believes that each company has its own individual needs.

In this regard, there is already an active growth in the supply of IaaS that can meet the requirements of organizations. The global IaaS market is expected to reach the $ 56 billion bar by 2020 with a CAGR of 29%.

При этом «растет» и отечественный рынок IaaS. Результаты рейтинга CNews показывают , что в 2016 году выручка десяти крупнейших поставщиков IaaS выросла на 76%: с 3,8 млрд рублей до 6,7 млрд. Тогда лидером по объему выручки стала компания «ИТ-ГРАД» (1,16 млрд рублей).

In addition to the need to meet the individual needs of organizations, the reason for the growing interest in multi-cloud is the growing popularity of data protection and automation, as Juniper says. Therefore, security has become one of the main strategic directions for the development of Juniper in 2017–2018, and the company has been working on automation for many years (you can read about the recent results of this work in our blog).

The company specifically began to offer new options for virtual data centers: the vSRX security platform and the vMX virtual router can now be deployed in a cloud environment (for example, in Azure). This will help users create secure connections to public clouds for data centers and branches.

5. IoT “push” the development of peripheral computing

The growing popularity of mobile and IoT devices requires a new approach to data processing. Forbes and TechRepublic consider edge computing to be .

According to Gartner, now about 10% of all corporate data is processed at the edge. By 2022, this figure will be 50%. Peter Levine, venture investor and partner at Andreessen Horowitz, predicts the rise of peripheral computing because drones, drones and robots will soon need very fast exchange of information, and a significant proportion of the computing power will be accounted for by the final IoT devices.

With edge computing, even large organizations begin to work. For example, Microsoft, last year the company introduced Azure Stack, a solution for deploying Azure services in the data center.

According to TrendForce, the average annual growth rate of the peripheral computing market from 2018 to 2022 will be 30%. Market Research Future predicts that edge computing will be worth $ 19.4 billion by 2020, with a CAGR of 18%.

PS Other forecasts in our blog on Habré:

PPS A few more articles from the First Corporate IaaS Blog: