Girls and the Fourth Industrial Revolution

Original author: Dr. Daiana beitler
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Hello, Habr! Yes, of course we know that there are fewer girls than men. And this article on March 8 is just about that. Why are there so few girls? Perhaps it is precisely because of the 4 myths that we describe below. Look under the cat!

Girls, from March 8 you!

We are getting closer to the fourth industrial revolution - the era when the development of new materials, breakthroughs in the field of genetic engineering and digital transformation are increasingly blurring the lines between the physical, biological and digital worlds.

With the death of various industries, people who do not have the skills required to change jobs are very at risk. And most importantly, women, judging by the study World Economic Forum, this problem affects much more. The thing is that there are much fewer women than men in the most promising sectors of the next five years: science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM).

According to the list of the most promising vacancies of 2017 published by LinkedIn, the top 20 professions require the skills of STEM industries. And despite the general expansion of human capabilities, a permanent gender gap persists in the world. According to UNESCO estimates , only 3 out of 10 researchers in science, technology and innovation are women, while LinkedIn estimates that women occupy only 2 out of 10 technical jobs.

What can scare girls away from appearing in a field that offers skills and knowledge in the listed industries? Here are four common misconceptions:

Myth # 1: STEM education only weighs when it reaches the highest levels.

In fact, STEM is an interdisciplinary approach to teaching students in four special disciplines. Instead of teaching them specific topics, STEM combines directions in a single training model based on real-life situations.

STEM is increasingly seen as a set of fundamental skills for study and work, because it opens the door for young women to higher education institutions and to good jobs. Studying STEM disciplines can pave the way for a wide range of areas including computer science, artificial intelligence (AI), solar power technology, and robotics technology. At a more fundamental level, STEM's academic subjects provide critical thinking skills and an integrated approach to solving the problems that will be needed at all workplaces of the future.

Myth # 2: STEM skills are only useful for STEM work.

In a technology-driven world, the vast majority of jobs require some form of STEM skills. Companies and organizations are improving their business model. Part of this improvement is the attraction of talented employees — men and women with skills such as liveliness of mind that will help businesses succeed.

Girls who have chosen a career in STEM, developed critical thinking skills will help them adapt to the economy of the future.

Myth # 3: STEMs are boring and unrelated to creativity.

In a Mastercard survey of about 1,500 girls from Asia-Pacific countries aged 12 to 19, 84% indicated that they would like to have creative work, but only 43% called STEM industries creative.

In fact, creativity is an integral part of a successful career at STEM. Dona Sarkar is a great example. She is the newly appointed leader of the Windows Insider program , the global Microsoft program with millions of users. They provide feedback on earlier versions of Windows. Dona has come a long way, starting with the position of Software Engineer in the Windows Team more than ten years ago.

For her, creating solutions that improve people's lives plays a central role in her work. She believes that operating systems provide the means to create anything. She is also the one who worked on the Microsoft HoloLens team, as well as the first stand-alone holographic computer.

In addition, she is the author of four books, a blogger and fashion designer. Regardless of whether she codes or draws, creativity is an integral part of everything she does.

Myth # 4: Men are more likely to succeed in STEM areas than women.

Unfortunately, gender stereotypes exist and are rooted even in the modern world. But, having access to technology and education, girls may not agree with this.

For nearly 200 years, these 10 inspiring women , including Ada Lovelace and Grace Hopper, have changed the world in which we live. They created innovative technologies, without which many of us do not represent today's life, proving that women can achieve great success in the STEM industries.

There is no better time than International Women's Day to talk about the incredible girls who have influenced the whole world. We hope to inspire the female gender for courage and creativity that will allow us to go beyond the usual framework and create something more.

Well, two inspirational videos at the end!

Great inventions

Motivation for action