Stephen Hawking, author of A Brief History of Time, died at age 77

Stephen Hawking, an award-winning physicist, author of such acclaimed books as The Brief History of Time and The Walnut Shell Universe, which has been distributed in millions of copies around the world, died early Wednesday morning, a family spokesman said. He was 76 years old.



The family did not disclose the causes of death, but said that he "died peacefully" in his home in Cambridge, England.

“We are deeply upset that our beloved father passed away today. He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whose work and legacy will live for many years, ”the family said in a statement. “His courage and perseverance with his splendor and humor inspired people around the world. He once said: "It would not be a big part of the Universe if it were not home to the people you love." We will miss him forever. ”



In 1963, Stephen Hawking was diagnosed with a motor neuron disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis), as a result of which he was almost completely paralyzed. Then the doctors said that he had two years left to live. Or two and a half. He left behind the daughter of Lucy and two sons, Robert and Tim. They thanked his fans, who “were on the side of Professor Hawking” and supported him throughout their lives.

Hawking was considered one of the leading voices in science because of his extensive research and work related to understanding the universe.

“I never expected to live to 75, so I was very lucky to be able to think about my legacy,” Hawking said in an interview with BBC last year.

He made several major discoveries throughout his career, and once said that his greatest achievement was the discovery that black holes are not completely black.

“I think my greatest achievement will be my discovery that black holes are not completely black,” he said, adding that this discovery will be crucial for “understanding how paradoxes between quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity can be resolved . There is a way out of them and, possibly, even into another Universe. If you feel that you are in a black hole, do not give up - there is a way out. ”

In a 2010 interview at World New Tonight, ABC Hawking was asked about his father’s best advice.

“These are the most important tips I gave to my children,” he said. “Do not forget to look at the stars and not under your feet. Never quit your job. Work will give you meaning and purpose, without it life is empty. If you are lucky to find love, remember that this is a rarity and do not lose it. ”



Here is the life chart of Stephen Hawking, compiled by the Associated Press:
January 8, 1942 - born in Oxford, England, the eldest of four children born to Frank Hawking, a biologist, and Isabelle Hawking, secretary of medical research.

1952 - enters the school of St. Alban.

1959 - receives a scholarship to study at University College, Oxford, in which he studies the direction "Natural Sciences".

1962 - begins research in the field of cosmology at Cambridge University.

1963 - At the age of 21, Stephen is diagnosed with ALS degenerative nerve disorder or Lou Gehrig's disease. Then the doctors said that he had two years left to live.

July 14, 1965 - marries his first wife, Jane Wilde, a student of modern languages, whom he met in Cambridge.

1967 - the couple’s first son, Robert, was swarming.

1970 - Jane gives birth to a daughter, Lucy.

1974 - at the age of 32, he was elected a member of the Royal Society, becoming one of the youngest people to receive such an honor.

1979 - becomes a professor of mathematics in Cambridge, taking the prestigious post that was once held by Isaac Newton. Hawking holds office until 2009. Jane gives birth to her third child, Timothy.

1985 - during his visit to the European Organization for Nuclear Research CERN in Geneva (Switzerland), Stephen Hawking fell ill with pneumonia. In the hospital, he was connected to a forced ventilation apparatus and thus supported the scientist's life. But later, due to the severity of the disease, the doctors suggested that the physicist’s wife disconnect him from the life support devices. After a firm refusal, Stephen Hawking's wives were transported to Cambridge. Here, in a local hospital, he underwent an operation, as a result of which he was able to breathe on his own again, but forever lost the ability to speak. The following year, he begins to communicate using an electronic voice synthesizer, having received his famous “robotic voice”, with which he is identified. That is why he used this ancient hardware speech synthesizer until the end of his days.

1988 - publishes A Brief History of Time, a book about cosmology intended for the general public, which becomes an instant bestseller.

1989 - Queen Elizabeth II awards him with an honorary title.

1995 - marries his nurse, Elaine Mason.

2007 - divorced from Elaine Mason.

2014 - An autobiographical film about Stephen Hawking’s life “Theory of Everything” is released, based on the memoir “Journey to Infinity: My Life with Stephen” by Jane Hawking.

Today, on this day, I would like to recall how Stephen Hawking was and what he taught us. Below I want to present you a translation of the 2013 documentary. The film tells about the life of this amazing person from school to the present day, and also allows you to look at life through his eyes.



Personally, Stephen taught me not to give up and move on:
“It's hard for me to say anything good about the disease of motor neurons. But this disease taught me not to feel sorry for myself, because others had worse things to do. I continue to do what I am still able to do. No matter how complicated life is, there is always something that you can do and succeed. I'm not afraid of death, but I'm not in a hurry to die either. First I have to do many more things. And I noticed that even people who claim that everything is predetermined and that we can’t change anything, look around, before crossing the road. ”

“When your expectations are reduced to zero, then you begin to truly appreciate what you have.”